ï»? 职教质量保障体系构徏要迈好这几步-郑州城市职业学院-评估办公å®?/title> <meta content="" name="keywords"> <meta content="" name="description"> <link href="http://www.i5pet.com/Template/pinggu/images/jigou.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"> <link href="http://www.i5pet.com/Template/pinggu/images/jigou280.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"> <meta http-equiv="Cache-Control" content="no-transform" /> <meta http-equiv="Cache-Control" content="no-siteapp" /> </head> <body> <div style="position:fixed;left:-9000px;top:-9000px;"><div id="moue8"><kbd id="moue8"><dd id="moue8"></dd></kbd></div><tt id="moue8"></tt><dd id="moue8"></dd><optgroup id="moue8"></optgroup><acronym id="moue8"></acronym><u id="moue8"><blockquote id="moue8"><button id="moue8"></button></blockquote></u><tt id="moue8"></tt><center id="moue8"></center><u id="moue8"></u><nav id="moue8"></nav><u id="moue8"></u><input id="moue8"></input><source id="moue8"><sup id="moue8"><tr id="moue8"></tr></sup></source><legend id="moue8"></legend><tr 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300%; text-indent: 28pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"> </p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 300%; text-indent: 28pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"> </p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 300%; text-indent: 28pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">在现代职业教育体¾pÕd¾è®¾ä¸­åQŒä¸­é«˜èŒè¡”接、应用型本科½{‰è¯•ç‚¹å–得了很大˜q›å±•åQŒç„¶è€Œä¹Ÿå­˜åœ¨ç€å‡å­¦å€‘֐‘日趋明显的隐患。高学历òq¶ä¸½{‰äºŽé«˜æ°´òq»I¼Œä¹Ÿä¸ä¸€å®šèƒ½å¸¦æ¥é«˜å°±ä¸šã€‚笔者认为,如果½Ž€å•åœ°æŠ?/font>“满èƒö人民的学历提升需è¦?rdquo;作äؓ“办äh民满意教è‚?rdquo;的标准,而不对大众需求进行合理引å¯û|¼Œæœ‰å¯èƒ½é€ æˆæˆ˜ç•¥å¤Þp¯¯——一斚w¢åQŒé«˜æŠ€èƒ½äh才依然短¾~ºï¼Œå›½å®¶æˆ˜ç•¥è½¬åž‹å¾—不到èƒö够的人才支持åQ›å¦ä¸€æ–šw¢åQŒç»“构性失业带来更大的½C¾ä¼šé—®é¢˜</span><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 300%; text-indent: 28pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">职业教育发展有其独特规律åQŒäh才培养质量才是关键,因此需要徏立一个完善的职业教育质量保障体系åQŒåœ¨å†…部对职业院校的专业å»ø™®¾ã€è¯¾½E‹å¼€å‘、教学过½E‹ã€æ•™å¸ˆå’Œèµ„源½Ž¡ç†˜q›è¡Œç›‘控和评ä»øP¼Œåœ¨å¤–部对职业教育的结果进行监‹¹‹ã€?/font></span><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 300%; text-indent: 28pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">构徏</font>“国家资格框架”</span><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 300%; text-indent: 28pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">当前有两个因素制¾U¦äº†çŽîC»£èŒæ•™ä½“ç³»å»ø™®¾åQšä¸€æ˜¯æ•™è‚²åˆ¶åº¦ä¸ŽåŠ›_Š¨ž®×ƒ¸šåˆ¶åº¦¾l“构性脱节,二是学历证书与职业资æ ÆD¯ä¹¦ç»“构性脱节。äؓ了突破职业教育两套管理体制的束缚åQŒå¾è®®å€Ÿé‰´å›½é™…通行做法åQŒæž„建我国的</font>“国家资格åQˆèµ„历)框架”ã€?/span><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 300%; text-indent: 28pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">不同¾cÕdž‹ã€å±‚‹Æ¡æ•™è‚²è¡”接的本质åQŒæ˜¯</font>“资格要求”间的认可、衔接与融通。明¼‹®å„¾U§å„¾cÀL•™è‚²çš„定位和资格标准,是实现整个教育体¾p»è¡”接与融通的基础ã€?ldquo;国家资格åQˆèµ„历)框架”可以为徏立全国统一的学历教育和åQˆèŒä¸šï¼‰èµ„格认证体系奠定基础åQŒä»Žè€Œä‹É学习成果和工作能力具有可比性。只有实çŽîCº†å…ähœ‰å¯æ¯”性的质量保障åQŒæ‰èƒ½ä»Žæ ÒŽœ¬ä¸Šæé«˜èŒä¸šæ•™è‚²çš„½C¾ä¼šåœîC½å’Œå¸å¼•åŠ›ã€?/span><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 300%; text-indent: 28pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">《欧‹z²èµ„格框架》(</font>EQF<font face="宋体">åQ‰å’Œè”合国教¿U‘æ–‡¾l„织的《国际教育分¾cÀL ‡å‡†ã€‹å…·æœ‰é‡è¦çš„借鉴意义ã€?/font><font face="Calibri">EQF</font><font face="宋体">赋予资格证书­‘…国家的½Ž¡ç†åŠŸèƒ½åQŒå®žçŽîCº†èŒä¸šèµ„格与高½{‰æ•™è‚²å­¦åŽ†çš„衔接和融通,成äؓ各国åQˆä¸ä»…是‹Æ§æ´²åQ‰é—´å­¦åŽ†è¯ä¹¦å’ŒèŒä¸šèµ„æ ÆD¯ä¹¦è¯„估、比较和ç›æ€º’认定的依据ã€?/font></span><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 300%; text-indent: 28pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt">“国家资格åQˆèµ„历)框架”有利于规范各¾U§å„¾cÀL•™è‚²åŸ¹è®­çš„内容和标准,å¯ÒŽˆ‘å›?ldquo;一带一è·?rdquo;战略的实施、服务企ä¸?ldquo;走出åŽ?rdquo;和国际交‹¹å…·æœ‰é‡è¦çš„意义ã€?/span><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 300%; text-indent: 28pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">打好质量标准的技术基¼‹€</font></span><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 300%; text-indent: 28pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">职业教育标准有预设性标准、过½E‹æ€§æ ‡å‡†å’Œ¾l“果性标准等多种¾cÕdž‹åQŒå…¶ä¸­æœ€é‡è¦çš„是评¡¨‹åQˆæ•™å­¦ï¼‰æ ‡å‡†å’Œå­¦ä¸šè¯„ä»äh ‡å‡†ç­‰ä¸Žæ•™è‚²æ•™å­¦ç›´æŽ¥ç›¸å…³çš„标准。但ç”׃ºŽå›½å®¶ã€ŠèŒä¸šåˆ†¾cÕd¤§å…¸ã€‹åƈ没有为此提供直接支持åQŒå› æ­¤åˆ¶å®šè¿™äº›æ ‡å‡†çš„æ–ÒŽ³•ž®±å…·æœ‰å…³é”®æ€§çš„作用ã€?/font></span><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 300%; text-indent: 28pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">我国职教评¡¨‹å¼€å‘已走过了对学科知识˜q›è¡Œé€‰æ‹©å’Œç®€åŒ–、按照岗位ä“Q务要求徏构课½E‹å†…容和¾l“æž„˜q™ä¸¤ä¸ªé˜¶ŒDüc€‚随着工作世界复杂½E‹åº¦çš„提高,职业资格研究的程序和æ–ÒŽ³•æœ‰äº†æ›´é«˜è¦æ±‚åQŒå¿…™åÕd…³æ³¨å­¦ä¹ è€…个体在复杂工作情境中的主观性知识和生æ„Ó发展。多数职教工作者对此还¾~ÞZ¹­‘›_¤Ÿçš„认知和敏感性ã€?/font></span><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 300%; text-indent: 28pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">学校¾cÕdž‹ä¸åŒã€åŒºåŸŸå‘展状况不同,专业质量标准也有所不同。因此,需要开展相关的基础性研½IӞ¼Œç‰¹åˆ«æ˜¯æœ‰å…Ïx ‡å‡†å¼€å‘的技术标准研½IӞ¼Œå›_¼€å‘标准的</font>“元研½I?rdquo;åQŒåŒ…括专业目录编制的技术规½E‹ï¼Œæ•™å­¦åQˆè¯¾½E‹ï¼‰æ ‡å‡†çš„开发技术规½E‹ç­‰åQŒä»¥å¸®åŠ©èŒä¸šé™¢æ ¡æ‰‘Öˆ°çŽîC»£èŒä¸šå·¥ä½œçš„标准特征,做出恰当描述åQŒåƈ˜q›è¡Œ¿U‘学的教学设计,从而系¾lŸè€Œæœ‰æ•ˆåœ°æé«˜æ•™è‚²æ•™å­¦è´¨é‡ã€?/span><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 300%; text-indent: 28pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">提高™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†çš„质量效ç›?/font></span><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 300%; text-indent: 28pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">政府部门¾lå¸¸é‡‡ç”¨™å¹ç›®æ–¹å¼æŽ¨åŠ¨èŒä¸šæ•™è‚²å‘展。由于项目制½Ž¡ç†å¼ø™°ƒå¤„在½{‰çñ”刉™«˜ç«¯çš„领导者的理念åQŒå®žæ–½å•ä½çš„自主发展意愿和能力得不到有效发挥åQŒæœ‰å¯èƒ½é€ æˆ™å¹ç›®¾l“束后的懈怠或产生™å¹ç›®ä¾èµ–ç—‡ã€?/font></span><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 300%; text-indent: 28pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">职业教育™å¹ç›®çš„成功与否取决于很多因素åQŒå¦‚健全的法规、公òq³çš„决策和良沅R€è¸å®žçš„工作作风½{‰ã€‚职业教育项目要惛_–得更高的质量和效益,应从重视以投入äؓä¸Èš„™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å’Œå®žæ–½æ–¹å¼ï¼Œè½¬å‘˜q½æ±‚™å¹ç›®äº§ç”Ÿçš„效果,在项目设计上更注重项目目标的¿U‘学性和现实性,为项目实施创造更大的灉|´»æ€§ï¼Œ˜q™äº›éƒ½éœ€è¦èŒæ•™ç®¡ç†è€…、研½I¶è€…和实践者之间的ç›æ€º’合作与支持ã€?/font></span><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 300%; text-indent: 28pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">实践证明åQŒæˆåŠŸçš„职教发展™å¹ç›®å…ähœ‰ä»¥ä¸‹ç‰¹ç‚¹åQšä¸€æ˜¯é¡¹ç›®è®¾è®¡ä¸ŽèŒä¸šé™¢æ ¡çš„整体发展目标、现有制度和基础能力相吻合;二是™å¹ç›®å»ºç«‹äº†è´¨é‡ç›‘控和评ä­h体系åQ›ä¸‰æ˜¯åœ¨™å¹ç›®çš„宏观、中观和微观层面均开展了¿U‘研伴随研究ã€?/font></span><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 300%; text-indent: 28pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">强化教育˜q‡ç¨‹çš„质量控åˆ?/font></span><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 300%; text-indent: 28pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">质量保障体系˜qä½œçš„关键是¾pȝ»Ÿåœ°å¼€å±•è¯„估和改进。对于职业院校来è¯ß_¼Œåº”当˜q›è¡Œä¸¤æ–¹é¢çš„探烦åQšä¸€æ˜¯å¾ç«‹æ ¡ä¼åˆä½œè´¨é‡ä¿éšœä½“¾p»ï¼Œå¼•å…¥ç›¸å…³å·¥å…·åQŒå®žçŽ°æŒ¾l­ã€ç³»¾lŸçš„质量监控和改˜q›è¿‡½E‹ï¼›äºŒæ˜¯å»ºç«‹ä¸“业和课½E‹è´¨é‡ä¿éšœä½“¾p»ï¼Œä¸ºå­¦æ ¡æŒ¾l­æ”¹˜q›è¯¾½E‹æ ‡å‡†åŠè¯„¡¨‹å®žæ–½æä¾›è§£å†³æ–ÒŽ¡ˆã€‚院校要按照</font>“自我保证åQŒå¤šå…ƒè¯Šæ–?rdquo;的指导思想åQŒå¾ç«‹å¤šæ–¹å…±æ²Èš„内部诊断机制åQŒåˆ©ç”¨å®šæ€§ä¸Žå®šé‡ç›¸ç»“合的诊断æ–ÒŽ³•åQŒä»¥åŠå¤šæ–¹åå•†ç”Ÿæˆçš„发展性标准,发现问题、理清原因åƈå¯ÀL‰¾æ”¹è¿›æŽªæ–½ã€?/span><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 300%; text-indent: 28pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">内部质量保障体系能否有效˜qè{åQŒå–决于其质量生成、质量监督与评估、信息管理、反馈调控等¾pȝ»Ÿçš„运作方式。对˜q‡ç¨‹˜q›è¡Œè´¨é‡æŽ§åˆ¶åQŒå¯ä»¥å¢žå¼ºé™¢æ ¡ç®¡ç†çš„透明度,使每个员工都获得有关质量和工作ç‡W效的信息åQŒä¸ä»…能提高½Ž¡ç†äººå‘˜çš„科学管理和领导能力åQŒè€Œä¸”可以在个人和团体智慧的分享中åQŒå¾ç«‹æ–°çš„学习文化,òq¶å°†å…¶å†…化、制度化ä¸ø™´¨é‡ç®¡ç†çš„一部分ã€?/font></span><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 300%; text-indent: 28pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">受院校发展水òq›_’Œæˆ‘国</font>“ž®Šé‡æƒå¨”传统文化的媄响,开展持¾l­æœ‰æ•ˆçš„˜q‡ç¨‹è´¨é‡æŽ§åˆ¶ä¼šé‡åˆ°å¾ˆå¤šå›°éš¾ï¼Œç›®å‰åªæœ‰ž®‘数院校开展过ž®è¯•åQŒç›¸å…³ç ”½I¶ä¹Ÿç›¸å½“è–„å¼±ã€?/span><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 300%; text-indent: 28pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">开展学生学业的成就评ä­h</font></span><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 300%; text-indent: 28pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">˜q‘年来开展的职业院校人才培养水åã^评估åQŒå¯¹ä¿ƒè¿›èŒä¸šæ•™è‚²æŒç®‹ã€ç¨³å®šå‘展è“våˆîCº†é‡è¦ä½œç”¨ã€‚随着职业教育由外延式的规模扩张向内涵式的创新发展转变åQŒèŒæ•™è¯„估逐渐开始关注办学成效与特色åQŒä¸“业教学质量评估成ä¸ø™¯„ä¼îC½“¾pȝš„重要内容åQŒè¯„估对象包括专业目标定位、资源保障、äh才综合能力和发展、社会èµA献度½{‰ã€‚完善的评估制度ž®†é€šè¿‡å»ºç«‹ä¸åŒçš„指标体¾p»ï¼Œä¿ƒè¿›é™¢æ ¡åˆç†å®šä½å’Œåˆ†¾cÕd‘展ã€?/font></span><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 300%; text-indent: 28pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">˜q„今为止åQŒæˆ‘国职教äh才培养质量评ä¼îC¸»è¦æ˜¯é€šè¿‡å­¦æ ¡å†…部教学质量评ä­h和职业资æ ÆD€ƒè¯•æ¥å®žçŽ°çš„åQŒé‡‡ç”¨çš„评ä­h指标体系达不到大规模质量监控的信度和效度要求åQŒæ— æ³•å€Ÿæ­¤˜q›è¡Œæ ¡é™…间和区域间比较。由于技术支持不­‘»I¼Œè¯„ä­h¾l“果无法全面反映人才培养质量åQŒæ›´æ²¡æœ‰å»ºç«‹èµ¯‚¯„ä»ïL»“果与人才培养模式对应关系的解释模型。在对职业教育的产出˜q›è¡Œè¯„ä­hæ—Óž¼Œæˆ‘们可以通过开展职业能力测评,诊断学生职业能力、职业承诺和职业认同感的水åã^åQŒæ¥å®žçŽ°ä¸åŒåœ°åŒºã€é™¢æ ¡é—´è¯„¡¨‹ä¸Žæ•™å­¦è´¨é‡çš„比较。通过职业能力‹¹‹è¯„所获得的äh才培养质量信息,不仅能äؓ各çñ”政府制定政策提供依据åQŒè¿˜èƒ½äؓ评¡¨‹å’Œæ•™å­¦æ”¹é©æä¾›å‚考,提高职业教育体系设计和教育质量控制水òqŸë€‚这里有两个关键问题需要解冻I¼Œä¸€æ˜¯äñ”出和投入的因果分析,二是评估工具的开发,需要先˜q›çš„职业教育理论和严谨的心理‹¹‹è¯„技术ã€?/font></span><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 300%; text-indent: 28pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><font face="宋体">åQˆä½œè€…è™n志群åQŒç³»åŒ—京师范大学职业与成人教育研½I¶æ‰€æ‰€é•¿ï¼‰</font></span><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 300%; text-indent: 32pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 16pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt"><o:p> </o:p></span></p> <p align="justify" class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; line-height: 300%; text-indent: 32pt; margin: 0pt; text-autospace: ideograph-numeric; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0000; mso-pagination: none; mso-para-margin-right: 0.0000gd; mso-para-margin-left: 0.0000gd"><span style="line-height: 300%; font-family: Calibri; font-size: 16pt; mso-spacerun: 'yes'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体"><o:p> </o:p></span></p> <p><!--EndFragment--></p> </div> 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